Visiting Associate Professor Olivier Walther completed a 6-month comparative study for the World Food Programme (WFP) Regional Bureau for West Africa on women market activities this month. The study examined the role that women play in the rural market economy and the agricultural and livestock sector value chain, from production at village level through to the processing and commercial trading of farm output in West Africa. In their report, Dr Walther and his colleagues Leena Hoffmann and Paul Melly, both at Chatham House in London, examined the constraints that tend to limit the scope for women to achieve higher incomes from a more diverse and sustainable range of agriculture-related activities. Building on an empirical survey conducted in in Nigeria and Niger, their report provides recommendations that can be useful in improving the outcomes of United Nations interventions that are focused on gender equality and the empowerment of women.
Hilker, F. M., L. J. S. Allen, V. A. Bokil, C. J. Briggs, Z. Feng, K. A. Garrett, L. J. Gross, F. M. Hamelin, M. J. Jeger, C. A. Manore, A. G. Power, M. G. Redinbaugh, M. A. Rúa and N. J. Cunniffe. 2017. Modelling virus coinfection to inform management of maize lethal necrosis in Kenya. Phytopathology 107:1095-1108. [open access link] [in the news]
Walther, O. (2017), “Wars and Conflicts in the Sahara-Sahel”, West African Papers, No. 10, OECD Publishing, Paris. https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/8bbc5813-en
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Walther O, Leuprecht C, Skillicorn D. 2017. Political fragmentation and alliances among armed non-state actors in North and Western Africa (1997-2014). Terrorism and Political ViolenceDOI:10.1080/09546553.2017.1364635.
Van Den Hoek, J. (2017), “Agricultural market activity and Boko Haram attacks in northeastern Nigeria”, West African Papers, No. 9, OECD Publishing, Paris.
African Border Disorders: Addressing Transnational Extremist Organizations.2018. Edited by Olivier J. Walther (University of Florida) and William F.S. Miles (Northeastern University). Routledge Studies in African Politics and International Relations.
Since the end of the Cold War, the monopoly of legitimate organized force of many African states has been eroded by a mix of rebel groups, violent extremist organizations, and self-defense militias created in response to the rise in organized violence on the continent.
African Border Disorders explores the complex relationships that bind states, transnational rebels and extremist organizations, and borders on the African continent. Combining cutting edge network science with geographical analysis, the first part of the book highlights how the fluid alliances and conflicts between rebels, violent extremist organizations and states shape in large measure regional patterns of violence in Africa. The second part of the book examines the spread of Islamist violence around Lake Chad through the lens of the violent Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, which has evolved from a nationally-oriented militia group, to an internationally networked organization. The third part of the book explores how violent extremist organizations conceptualize state boundaries and territory and, reciprocally, how do the civil society and the state respond to the rise of transnational organizations.
The book will be essential reading for all students and specialists of African politics and security studies, particularly those specializing on fragile states, sovereignty, new wars, and borders as well as governments and international organizations involved in conflict prevention and early intervention in the region.
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Co-authors Jennifer Moore, a student in the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, Felix Mulindahabi, a student in SNRE, and Madan Oli, a professor in WEC recently published an article in the Journal of Applied Ecology.
Moore, J.F., Mulindahbai, F., Masozera, M.K., Nichols, J.D., Hines, J.E., Turikunkiko, E., and Oli, M.K. 2017. Are ranger patrols effective in reducing poaching-related threats within protected areas? Journal of Applied Ecology: doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12965
Alain Karsenty, Claudia Romero∗, Paolo Omar Cerutti, Jean-Louis Doucet, Francis E. Putz, Christelle Bernard, Richard Eba’a Atyi, Pascal Douard, Florian Claeys, Sébastien Desbureaux, Driss Ezzine de Blas, Adeline Fayolle, Timothée Fomété, Eric Forni, Valéry Gond, Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury, Fritz Kleinschroth, Frédéric Mortier, Robert Nasi, Jean Claude Nguinguiri, Cédric Vermeulen, Carlos de Wasseigek. 2017. Deforestation and timber production in Congo after implementation of sustainable management policy: a reaction to the article by J.S. Brandt, C. Nolte and A. Agrawal. Land Use Policy 52: 15-22.
NOTE: Claudia Romero is Courtesy professor in the Department of Biology, and Faculty Affiliate of the Center for African Studies, at UF. Francis E. Putz is Professor in the Department of Biology at UF.
Fullman T.J. , Bunting, E. L., Kiker, G.A. and Southworth, J. 2017. Predicting shifts in large herbivore distributions under climate change and management using a spatially-explicit ecosystem model. Ecological Modelling 352, 1-18.
Scholtz, R. , Smit, I. P.J., Coetsee, C., Kiker, G.A. and Venter, F.J. 2017. Legacy effects of top-down disturbances on woody plant species composition in semi-arid systems. Austral Ecology 42, 72–83.
Fullman, T.J. , Kiker, G.A., Gaylard, A., Southworth, J., Waylen, P., Kerley, G. 2017. Elephants respond to resource trade-offs in an aseasonal system through daily and annual variability in resource selection. Koedoe 59(1), 1-21.
NOTE: Gregory A. Kiker is Associate Professor and Graduate Coordinator in the Dept. of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, an a Faculty Affiliate of the Center for African Studies, at UF.
Fiona McLaughlin– Awarded a Residential Fellowship from the Camargo Foundation in Cassis, France for Fall 2017. While in residence, she will be working on her book, Language and urban life in Dakar: A critical sociolinguistics of language in the postcolony.
Ikeade Akinyemi– Superior Staff Award, presented at the Evening of Excellence, UF College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Friday April 28th, 2017.
John Hames– SERSAS Graduate Student Paper Prize, “‘Heroes’ and ‘Traitors’: The Politics of Pulaar Language Loyalty in Senegal and Mauritania.” Paper presented at Spring 2017 SERSAS Conference, College of Charleston, Feb 3-4, 2017.
Peter Schmidt. 2017. “Contests between heritage and history in Tanganyika/Tanzania: Insights arising from community-based heritage research.” Journal of Community Archaeology & Heritage, Special Series, 1-16. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20518196.2017.1308300
Peter Schmidt. 2017. Community-based Heritage in Africa: Unveiling Local Research and Development. New York: Routledge. 1st Edition.
John Hames (Anthropology, UF), 2017, “‘A River is not a Boundary’: Interplays of National and Linguistic Citizenship in Pulaar Language Activism,” Canadian Journal of African Studies.
Anita Hannig (Brandeis University), 2017, Beyond Surgery: Injury, Healing, and Religion at an Ethiopian Hospital. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. (Dr. Hannig was our Baraza speaker on Oct. 21, 2016).